Bonding, also known as bonded restoration, is a painless way to make minor repairs to teeth. In most cases, several teeth can be bonded in one dental visit. Bonding uses tooth-coloured material, called composite resin. Composite resin is put on the tooth, then shaped and hardened with light. The composite resin can be:

  • Matched to your teeth
  • Shaped to look like the missing part of a chipped tooth
  • Used to build up teeth and fill between them
  • Used on a broken tooth to restore it to size
  • Painted over a stained tooth to make it match the colour of your other teeth

Dr. Williamson will place a matrix between the tooth being treated and its neighbouring tooth. A matrix is a thin, clear plastic film that protects other teeth from stray composite resin.

He will then put a mild chemical on the tooth to make it a little rough. This helps the composite resin to bond or stick to the enamel of your tooth. The composite resin that matches the colour of your natural teeth is chosen so that the bonding blends in with your teeth. The composite resin is placed on your tooth in layers. A light is used to harden each layer of the composite resin. After the last layer of composite resin is hardened, your tooth is shaped and polished it to form your tooth. The finished tooth looks natural and smooth. Bonding can be polished if it becomes rough and additional bonding material can be added later on if it wears down over time. 

Clenching and / or grinding are the most common symptoms of an imbalanced bite pattern. The following signs and symptoms can also be an indicator of this problem: headaches, jaw joint pain, clicking joints, ringing ears and tingling finger tips.

Since there is a relationship between the teeth (your bite position), the jaw joints, the head and neck muscles and your head posture, an alignment problem can cause a domino affect; bringing pain and discomfort in other areas of the body. 

The signs and symptoms of patients who clench or grind are often the early indicators of a deeper underlying muscular imbalance. It is now possible with non-invasive electronic instruments to relax the muscles of the head and neck to reposition your bite that allows for the jaw muscles to be in a more relaxed state, thus reducing the symptoms.

If you are unhappy with your teeth and gums from the point of view of colour, position, shape, size, alignment or overall smile appearance, a detailed examination can be preformed to determine the best approach to create for you the smile you desire.  Some of the cosmetic procedures we offer are: bleaching, bonding, veneers, gum grafting, orthodontics and overall smile design.

A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface, restoring it to its original size and shape. A crown protects and strengthens tooth structure that can not be adequately restored with fillings or other types of restorations.

When you loose a tooth or teeth, it has an impact on your remaining teeth which tend to “drift” out of position. This leads to crooked teeth, a change in your bite, possible gum disease, tooth decay and the potential to lose more teeth.

A bridge consists of two crowns that go over two anchoring teeth ‘abutments’ and which are attached to artificial teeth ‘pontics’ filling the gap created by one or more missing teeth - preventing the “drifting” of the remaining teeth. A bridge is permanently cemented in your mouth so there is no need for removal at night.

Crowns and bridges can be constructed by a specially trained dental lab technician or produced by using special milling machines out of various types of materials.  Ask Dr. Williamson which option best meets your needs.

Dentures are the simplest, fastest most economical way of replacing missing teeth. With today's modern techniques and materials, in most cases, there isn’t even the need for the traditional metal clasp denture. Valplast dentures can now be made with tooth or gum coloured clasps. Dentures can also be attached to implants to give a more secure hold. You may have heard about implants and how they are fast becoming an alternative and/or adjunct to the traditional set of dentures. Dr. Williamson and his team would be happy to provide you with more information on the alternatives available to you.

One of the most common oral surgeries we preform at Aeir Dental are tooth extractions. At Aeir Dental, we take pride in making sure this is done gently and efficiently; as your comfort is one of our top priorities. 

Your wisdom teeth are the teeth farthest back in your mouth, located in both the upper and lower jaw; dentists refer to these as third molars. Most patients do not have ample room for wisdom teeth.

When our jaws do not provide room for the addition of wisdom teeth, they often become trapped within the bone or gums, which is called impaction. Often times our teeth will attempt to create space for themselves, which can cause future issues, if not addressed. The following problems can arise, as most commonly seen in young adults:

  •  Crowding of your other teeth
  •  Creating cavities on the teeth directly in front of your wisdom teeth
  •  Creating cysts or infections within the jaw bone due to bacteria that can accumulate around the wisdom teeth

To best protect your oral health, we may recommend removing the third molars at a young age. This way, there is a lesser chance of problems ever arising.  Extracting wisdom teeth at a young age means that the root has not fully developed, thus making the teeth easier to extract and speedier recovery for our patients. 

Daily flossing is the best way to clean between teeth and under the gum line. Flossing not only helps clean these spaces, it disrupts plaque colonies from building up, reducing calculus or tarter build up and helping to prevent damage to the gums and bone.

Today we can replace a missing tooth with a dental implant. Implants are probably the greatest advancement in dentistry since anaesthesia and is currently the next best thing to having your natural teeth. The way an implant works is a titanium screw, which acts like the root of a missing tooth is inserted into your bone, over which a crown, bridge or denture can be attached. Implants allow you to laugh, bite, and chew just as you would with your natural teeth. Currently it is our most conservative approach to replacing missing teeth.

Preventing dental disease starts at home with good oral hygiene and a balanced diet. It is continued at Aeir Dental office by the efforts of Dr. Williamson and his excellent hygiene team to promote, restore and maintain your oral health. This also includes regular dental exams, cleanings and x-rays.

A comprehensive dental exam will be preformed by Dr. Williamson at your initial dental visit which includes the following:

  •    Taking your full dental and health history
  •    Taking your pulse and blood pressure readings
  •    Taking and examination of your dental x-rays
  •    An oral cancer screening
  •    A gum disease evaluation
  •    An examination for tooth decay
  •    An examination of your existing restorations

Your personal home care starts by eating a balanced diet, reducing the number of snacks you eat and correctly using the various dental aids that help control the plaque and bacteria that cause dental disease. Also, it is important to continue seeing your hygienist and adhering to a regular schedule of cleanings based on Aeir Dental’s evaluation of your dental health.

It is important to rinse your mouth with water after meals if you are unable to brush.

When the nerve of your tooth becomes infected, a successful root canal treatment lets you keep the tooth rather than having to pull it out. Keeping your tooth helps to prevent your other teeth from drifting out of line and causing jaw problems. Saving a natural tooth avoids having to undergo further dental procedures. 

Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic treatment, is the process of removing infected, injured or dead pulp from your tooth. The space inside the hard layers of each tooth is called the root canal system. This system is filled with soft dental pulp made up of nerves and blood vessels that help your tooth grow and develop.

When bacteria (germs) enter your tooth through deep cavities, cracks or flawed fillings, your tooth can become abscessed. An abscessed tooth is a tooth with an infection in the pulp. If pulp becomes infected, it needs to be removed. An abscessed tooth may cause pain and/or swelling. Dr. Williamson may notice the infection from a dental x-ray or from other changes with the tooth. If left untreated, an abscessed tooth can cause serious oral health problems.

Root canal treatment follows these steps:

  •     You will receive a local anaesthetic (freezing)
  •     To protect your tooth from bacteria in your saliva during the treatment, we place a rubber dam around the tooth being treated
  •     An opening is made in the tooth to reach the root canal system and the damaged pulp
  •     Using very fine dental instruments, the pulp is removed by cleaning and enlarging the root canal system
  •     After the canal has been cleaned, it is disinfected, filled, and sealed
  •     The opening of the tooth is then sealed with a core filling

Dr. Williamson preforms root canals with speed, efficiency and precision. We will do everything we can to minimize your time in the chair at Aeir Dental and to keep you as comfortable as possible.

The clinical manifestations of sleep apnea are related to obstruction of the upper airway, fragmented sleep, and the respiratory and cardiovascular consequences of disoriented breathing. Excessive daytime tiredness is a key feature of sleep apnea resulting from disrupted sleep. You may find that you frequently fall asleep during the day while driving, working, reading and watching television. Performing activities related to transportation or the use of machinery and heavy equipment can put both the patient and others at significant risk of injury. Chronic daytime sleepiness also leads to poor work performance and decreased productivity. Snoring, ranging in severity from mild to extremely loud, is also a common trait of those suffering with sleep apnea. The partners of people with sleep apnea may witness gasping, choking or periods of apnea, with repeated arousals through the night. In many cases these symptoms are significant enough that the partner sleeps in another room. When questioned in the morning the patient is usually unaware of the frequency of arousals. Other complaints include a feeling of not being rested despite a full night of sleep, dry mouth, morning headaches, absence of dreams, fatigue, decreased libido and symptoms of depression.

The cardiovascular consequences of sleep apnea may include systemic hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and cerebral vascular accidents, all of which lead to a higher mortality rate than in the general population. Clearly, sleep apnea can be a debilitating and potentially life-threatening condition. Thus, both proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important.
If you are experiencing similar symptoms please ask Dr. Williamson about alternatives that might help you sleep better and improve your general overall health.

Wearing sports guards are always a good idea for contact sports. Custom designed, lab fabricated sports guards and available in a multitude of colours within a few business days.

Brush at least twice daily, (especially before going to bed) with a soft bristle brush and a fluoride tooth paste. Electric tooth brushes are HIGHLY recommended and our team at Aeir Dental would love to demonstrate the different models and how they might make brushing more effective for you.

Veneers are very thin shells that are attached to the front part of teeth. They are often made of porcelain or composite resin. Porcelain veneers are stronger than composite resin veneers and do not change colour or stain. Generally, porcelain veneers take at least 2 dental visits to apply and composite resin veneers can be done in one visit. Porcelain veneers generally last longer than composite resin veneers.

If it is decided porcelain veneers are your best option Dr. Williamson may give you a local anaesthetic (freezing). He will then remove a thin layer of the enamel from your tooth to make room for the veneer. A mold of your tooth is made and it is used to custom-make your porcelain veneer. In the meantime, a temporary veneer may be placed on your tooth to replace the portion of the tooth that was removed. This is worn until your porcelain veneer is ready. Temporary veneers are very fragile and need to be treated gently during eating and cleaning as they come loose very easily. On your next visit, the temporary veneer is removed and a mild chemical is placed on your tooth to make it a little rough. This helps porcelain veneers stick to your teeth better. The porcelain veneer is then glued to your tooth using composite resin cement.  Ask Dr. Williamson if this is an option for you.

White or tooth coloured fillings, also know as composite white fillings, or composite resins are a significant upgrade from mercury or silver filling. These fillings mimic real tooth matter and usually are unnoticeable. They are made from a resin (a silicon dioxide-filled plastic mixture) material that is bonded to your tooth.

The advantages of composite fillings from traditional old silver fillings are:

  • Composite fillings are colour matched to your natural tooth shade
  • Composites have a longer life span which is typically 7-10 years depending on your home regimen
  • A more substantial amount of your tooth structure is preserved when placing them
  • Composite fillings bond to your tooth in a way that produces a strong support for your tooth, which means it’s less susceptible to breakage and temperature changes
  • Composite fillings have minimal post operative consequences
  • If a composite filling becomes damaged, it is easily repaired

At Aeir Dental we believe in conservative dentistry which means we strive to keep as much of your natural tooth as possible.

Most bleaching products are peroxide-based and are actually capable of altering the colours of the tooth itself. However, not all tooth discolourations respond to tooth-bleaching treatments. Because of this, Dr. Williamson will have to determine the cause of your tooth discolouration and determine whether a bleaching treatment will have the desired result. This step is especially important for patients with fillings, root canal treatments, crowns and/or with extremely dark stains on the anterior teeth, who are looking to brighten their smile.

A number of different bleaching techniques and products are available to patients. Dr. Williamson will use one of these methods to whiten your teeth:

Vital bleaching is done on "living" teeth and can be used to whiten your teeth if they have become stained by food or tobacco, or if they have become dark with age.

We have several options depending on your situation including in office bleaching, take home mouth guards and bleaching toothpastes not available to the retail market. Aeir Dental uses the in office Iveri™ Tooth Whitening System that is a fast (20-30 minute) pain free solution to dark, stained teeth.

Non-vital bleaching is bleaching done on teeth that are no longer "alive." If your tooth has changed colour because of a root canal, non-vital bleaching can lighten your tooth from the inside out.

*Bleaching should be done only under a dentist's care. 

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